英語で見る: Why people do what they do?

Have you heard of Lawrence Kohlberg’s theory of 6 stages of moral development? I have heard of it today for the first time. He says that people justify their behavior in six ways, depending on which level of development they reached:

Level 1 = Avoid punishment
Level 2 = Reward
Level 3 = To please other people
Level 4 = It’s the rule!
Level 5 = To be considerate for other people
Level 6 = Personal code of behavior

If you are interested in this topic, you may find a bit more here.

And here is a video (5 min.) from a lecture on this topic. Please watch it (I think it may be really interesting for those of you who deal with children or are managers). As always, don`t worry if you don`t understand something. Just try to enjoy it and get at least some of the content.
After listening, please think of the following questions:
– Which level is ‘most moral’ in your opinion? Why?
– Do you do sometimes something because `It’s the rule!`, even if you don’t like doing it? What things are these?
– Is there something you should do but you avoid doing? What is it? What could motivate you to start doing it?
After thinking, write answer to ONE of these questions (5-10 sentences).

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